June 2012–June 2017
The fisheries sector is enormously important to the economy of the Philippines, particularly to the poorer and more marginalized citizens whose livelihoods depend on small-scale fisheries. However, excessive and unsustainable fishing, population growth, uncontrolled development, limited private sector investment, and inconsistent policies and programs for sustainable fisheries have resulted in the decrease in average sizes of fishes, shifts in species composition, and a steep decline in abundance of valuable species.
July 2012–July 2017
In order to meet the growing population needs in India, large tracts of the country’s forests are being diverted to other land uses. Forest-PLUS is tasked with identifying scientific, economic, and sustainable solutions – solutions that will reduce deforestation and degradation, increase forest cover, restore forest health and carbon stocks, and conserve India’s rich biodiversity while improving rural livelihoods and gender equity – and adapting them to India’s community forestry movement.
September 2011–September 2014
The African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) Program represents an important vehicle for USAID to invest more effectively and consistently in adaptation programming and activities that support economic growth, democratic governance, health, human rights, and education.
December 2012–December 2017
The East African Community (EAC) region is facing three key development challenges that are impacting regional economic and social development: 1) transboundary freshwater biodiversity conservation; 2) sustainable access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); 3) and climate change. Lack of economic diversity and inadequate institutional capacity suggest that East African countries are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate variability and change, whose shocks can further impede economic and livelihood advancement.